After an introdutory discription of the situation and limits of East Timor's composing territories, we begin with a brief history that comprises the prehistoric vestiges and a historiography regarding mainly the colonial age during which the island was object of dispute between Dutch and Portuguese, and the Japanese occupation which ocurred in World War II despite the neutrality of the territory.
In respect to the land there are entries about geomorfology, geology, climate, flora and fauna, and finally natural resources with a call on the importance of petrol and coffee for the economy of an independent East Timor.
followed by an approach to the ethnological
background demography and the culture of the
The second half more properly related with the title concerns to the conflict which lasts since 1975, and appears summarized in an introduction. We start with an observation on aspects of the recent history of Indonesia which we believe important to understand the invasion of East Timor. Next comes a reference to Portuguese colonialism during dictatorship up until the democratic Revolution that would bring independence to the colonies.
In relation with the period of decolonization of East Timor we have a history on foundation of East-Timorese political associations, the evolution in the territory and in the diplomatic arena, and the civil war that followed, between Timorese. Due to it, while Portuguese governor left East Timor, Indonesian interference increased and culminated with the invasion (December 1975), for which the posture of superpower USA and neighbour Australia is considered to have been important.
The resistance of the Timorese confronting the military campaigns of the Indonesian, and the response of the International Community closes this work.